What You Need to Know about Buddhism
Buddhism recognizes two paths to enlightenment. One form, where you attain it on your own without guidance earns you the title of a Buddha e.g.Siddhartha Gautama If you reach enlightenment with the help of a buddha, you are known as an arahant. Enlightenment, bodhi, liberation or Nirvana is when you realize the true nature of reality.
The Noble Eightfold Path are divided into 3 sections, physical actions (Sila), meditation and concentration (Samadhi) and spiritual insight (Prajna)
Sila – physical actions
â€¢ Right Speech – One speaks in a non hurtful, non exaggerated and a truthful way
â€¢ Right Actions – Avoiding actions that would do harm
â€¢ Right Livelihood – One’s way of livelihood should not hurt others; directly or indirectly
Samadhi – meditation and concentration
â€¢ Right Effort â€” One makes an effort to improve
â€¢ Right Awareness â€” Mental ability and consciousness to see things for what they are with clear consciousness
â€¢ Right Concentration â€” Being aware of the present reality within oneself, without any craving or aversion
Prajna – spiritual insight
â€¢ Right Thoughts â€” bringing about a change in the pattern of thinking, by thinking right thoughts.
â€¢ Right Understanding â€” Understanding reality as it is, not just as it appears to be.
These are very important beliefs on which Buddhism is formed.